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Global HTTP request and response handling with the Axios interceptor

Published: 3/26/2019

This is a short example of how to catch all Axios HTTP requests, responses, and errors. Catching is implemented with the Axios feature called interceptors. It's possible to catch all requests before they are sent and modify them. Also, responses and errors can be caught globally. For example, interceptors are useful when you want to modify request headers before a request is sent or you are implementing some kind of global error handling system.

Of course, for real use case, it might be too general to handle all requests and responses in the same way. That’s why we will also have a configuration option for each HTTP requests to disable global handling.

The demo is available at CodePen

In the demo, I have used VanillaToasts library to show a notification when a HTTP request is done.

Embedded content:

Installing Axios

Start by installing Axios by the instructions.

Create a new instance and add any global config options you might need to use.

const axiosInstance = axios.create({
  baseURL: 'https://...'

Making HTTP request handler configurable

Add isHandlerEnabled function which will check if the global handler should be used or not. Here it's also possible to implement additional custom logic. For example, enabling the handler only for the certain HTTP response codes.

const isHandlerEnabled = (config={}) => {
  return config.hasOwnProperty('handlerEnabled') && !config.handlerEnabled ? 
    false : true

Now we are later able to disable handler for an individual HTTP call if we want to.

await axiosInstance.get('/v2/api-endpoint', { handlerEnabled: false })

Axios request interceptor

Add request handler

One common use case for a request handler is to modify or add new HTTP headers. For example, an authentication token could be injected into all requests.

const requestHandler = (request) => {
  if (isHandlerEnabled(request)) {
    // Modify request here
    request.headers['X-CodePen'] = ''
  return request

Enable request interceptor

  request => requestHandler(request)

Axios response and error interceptors

Add response handlers

const errorHandler = (error) => {
  if (isHandlerEnabled(error.config)) {
    // Handle errors
  return Promise.reject({ ...error })

const successHandler = (response) => {
  if (isHandlerEnabled(response.config)) {
    // Handle responses
  return response

Enable interceptors

  response => successHandler(response),
  error => errorHandler(error)

And now every request made by Axios uses the handlers we have defined.

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I am an experienced web developer with an eye for solid UI/UX design. I have specialized in front-end development, responsive web design, design systems, modern web frameworks, and content management systems. I also have experience in mobile apps development and back-end coding with PHP, Node.js, and Java. So I have a full stackish background, but I'm enjoying most building robust and beautiful front-ends with performance, accessibility, and testability in mind.

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